Monday, November 18, 2013

Florida Eastern Subterranean Termite

Florida Insects

The one well known fact, if you live in Florida you will have insects and termites. I work as a service manager for a very large Pest Control Co. in Florida. I have been in the industry for over 20+ years, I am also known as the The Bugman.

There are 4 well known termites that attack structures in Florida, the EasternSubterranean Termite, the Formosan Termite, Florida Dampwood Termite and the Powderpost Drywood Termite. Today we are going to look at the Eastern Subterranean Termite.

The Eastern Subterranean Termite is highly destructive to many common building materials. The can enter a home through the smallest of cracks in the floor, foundation, or cement walls. They can come through a crack as small as a 1/16th of an inch. Once inside the structure they can rapidly eat the internal sections of the structure in no time. Termites feed on cellulose material not just wood. Wood is made up of cellulose material but also is the backing paper of your drywall, also the pictures hanging on your wall, and so on. Eastern Subterranean Termite live in the soil in the ground and forage 24 hours a
day looking for food for the colony.

A single Eastern Subterranean Termite social colony can contain from 100,000 to 1,000,000 termites and will forage up to 150 in search of food. When the termite leaves the ground they build shelter tubes to travel in. The tubes are like highways for termites, these tubes protect the termite from predators, sun-burn and from dehydration. Most of the caste of the colony will stay in the ground or shelter tube except the winged reproducer’s.

The winged reproducer’s take flight in Florida from early December and last until April depending on climate conditions. After the winged termites (alates) will drop to the ground and shed their wings. The female will begin to search for a nesting site and the males with follow closely behind the female to set up the new colony. It may take from 5 to 10 years for the two to form a mature colony.

There are different forms of control for in early Subterranean Termites. When choosing termite control or termite prevention for your structure please ask a lot of questions about what the type of treatment is to be done for your structure. Also ask about the type of warranty they are offering with the treatment. There are a lot of companies all around Florida so make sure you do your home work before hiring any company to protect your dwelling.